A gene-environment interaction between inferred kallikrein genotype and potassium.
Urinary kallikrein excretion has been shown statistically to be partially determined by a major gene in large Utah pedigrees with the use of segregation analysis. A previous twin analysis of environmental factors influencing urinary kallikrein level showed that urinary potassium twin differences were strongly related to differences in urinary kallikrein. The present study uses 769 individuals in 58 Utah pedigrees to analyze the association of urinary potassium with urinary kallikrein within statistically inferred kallikrein genotypes. Fitting genotype-specific curves relating urinary kallikrein level to 12-hour urinary potassium amount within a major gene, polygene, and common environment model, we showed a significant statistical urinary potassium interaction with the inferred major gene for kallikrein (P = .0002). The heterozygotes (with a frequency of 50%) had a significant association between urinary kallikrein and potassium (slope, 0.51 +/- 0.04 SD), whereas there was no association with potassium in the low homozygotes, suggesting a genetic defect involving the kallikrein response to potassium. The model predicted that an increase in urinary potassium excretion of 0.8 SD above the mean in these pedigrees would be associated with high kallikrein levels in the heterozygotes similar to the high homozygotes. A decrease of 1.3 SD in urinary potassium excretion in heterozygous individuals was associated with kallikrein levels similar to the homozygous individuals with low kallikrein. Because in the steady state urinary potassium represents dietary potassium intake, this study suggests that an increase in dietary potassium intake in 50% of these pedigree members, estimated to be heterozygous at the kallikrein locus, would be associated with an increase in an underlying genetically determined low kallikrein level.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association