Continuous versus intermittent angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition in renal hypertensive rats.
Converting enzyme inhibitors impair renal function of the kidney beyond a stenosis of the renal artery in humans and induce histological lesions in the clipped kidney of renal hypertensive rats. In two-kidney, one clip hypertensive rats, we compared the time course and magnitude of the biochemical effects of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition on the plasma renin-angiotensin system, cardiac hypertrophy, renal lesions, and 24-hour blood pressure decrease induced by either intermittent angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition administration (benazepril PO, 10 mg/kg once a day, n = 93) or continuous administration (benazeprilat, 3 mg/kg per day via osmotic pumps, n = 92). Control rats (n = 91) received the drug vehicle intermittently or continuously. Mortality was significantly reduced by both intermittent (n = 3/93) and continuous (n = 3/92) inhibition compared with controls (n = 18/91) (P < .001). Changes in the plasma renin-angiotensin system and blood pressure were parallel. A continuous suppression of the activity of the plasma renin-angiotensin system was associated with a 24-hour decrease in blood pressure with continuous inhibition, whereas intermittent inhibition induced a similar fall in blood pressure only for the first hours after gavage.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association