Renal acid-base excretion in normotensive salt-sensitive humans.
Reduced extracellular pH and bicarbonate levels recently have been reported in normotensive salt-sensitive subjects. To assess the possible role of altered renal acid-base handling in the perturbation of acid-base status in these individuals, we measured the renal acid-base excretion after an acute oral administration of either an alkali or acid load in normotensive salt-sensitive and salt-resistant men. Twenty-four young (22 to 29 years old), healthy male volunteers were placed on a low-salt diet (20 mmol NaCl per day) for 2 weeks with either 220 mmol NaCl or placebo added to the low-salt diet for 1 week each in a randomized single-blind crossover order. Salt sensitivity was defined as a significant drop in mean arterial pressure (> 3 mm Hg, mean of 60 readings taken on the seventh day of each diet, P < .05) during the low-salt diet. On the fifth and seventh days of each week, subjects were given an oral load of either sodium citrate (0.7 mmol/kg) or ammonium chloride (2.2 mmol/kg), respectively, in a randomized order, and arterial and urinary acid-base status was assessed at baseline and followed for 8 hours thereafter. According to the above definition, 13 subjects were considered salt sensitive. During the high-salt diet, mean arterial pressure was higher in the salt-sensitive than in the salt-resistant group (P < .01). Cumulative urinary bicarbonate excretion after the administration of sodium citrate was lower in the salt-sensitive than in the salt-resistant subjects during both the low-salt (46%, P < .001) and high-salt (32%, P < .01) diets.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association