Participation of ouabainlike compound in reduced renal mass-saline hypertension.
We examined the role of ouabainlike compound in reduced renal mass-saline hypertension using a population of rats immunized with ouabain. To develop ouabain-immunized rats, ouabain-bovine serum albumin conjugates were injected subcutaneously three times at 4-week intervals. Titer determinations were made 2 weeks after the third immunization, and rats with high titers were used in the study. Immunoglobulin G fractions from ouabain-immunized rats effectively inhibited the contractile response of guinea pig aorta to exogenous ouabain (150 nmol). Fourteen ouabain-immunized and seven nonimmunized control rats underwent subtotal nephrectomy. An additional eight ouabain-immunized and six nonimmunized rats served as sham-operated rats. Four groups of rats drank 1% NaCl solution for 3 weeks, and systolic blood pressure was measured weekly by the tail-cuff method. Two groups of sham-operated rats remained normotensive. In contrast, two groups of subtotally nephrectomized rats developed hypertension. However, among these rats, systolic blood pressure was significantly lower in ouabain-immunized rats than in nonimmunized rats (161 +/- 5 versus 180 +/- 3 [+/- SEM) mm Hg, P < .01). The decrease in blood pressure was accompanied by a significant inhibition of aortic hypertrophy (P < .05). These results indicate that chronic blockade of circulating ouabainlike compound partly ameliorates reduced renal mass-saline hypertension and suggest that circulating ouabainlike compound may be involved in the pathophysiology in this model of hypertension.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association