Ontogeny of somatic angiotensin-converting enzyme.
Angiotensin-converting enzyme or kininase II (ACE-KII) plays a central role in the control of circulating and tissue levels of angiotensin II and kinins. Both peptides have been implicated in the regulation of renal function and growth during normal development. We tested the hypothesis that the developing rat kidney expresses ACE-KII mRNA transcripts and the active enzyme and evaluated whether the developmental expression of the ACE-KII gene is related to changes in circulating angiotensin II and tissue kallikrein. ACE-KII mRNA and enzymatic activity were low in the newborn kidney; peak expression occurred on days 15 and 20 of postnatal life (16-fold versus day 1). In extrarenal tissues, ACE-KII activity and mRNA levels were also low during the newborn period in the following order of abundance: lung > kidney > aorta > heart. The lung showed a higher age-related increase in active ACE-KII and mRNA abundance (15-fold) than heart and aorta (activity, 3- to 4-fold; mRNA, 6- to 10-fold). The developmental profile of ACE-KII correlated temporally with changes in circulating angiotensin II and tissue kallikrein. Plasma angiotensin II levels were 2.5-fold higher in newborn than adult rats, whereas renal and extrarenal kallikrein-like activity increased twofold to fivefold from birth to adulthood. These results demonstrate that the ACE-KII gene is developmentally regulated in a tissue-specific manner. Tissue kinin generation and degradation, reflected by kallikrein and ACE-KII activities, are coordinately regulated during development, whereas circulating angiotensin II and tissue ACE-KII change in a reciprocal manner.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association