Human SA gene locus as a candidate locus for essential hypertension.
We have recently identified a candidate gene for rat genetic hypertension by identifying an mRNA species that shows markedly higher expression in the kidneys of spontaneously hypertensive rats than in those of Wistar-Kyoto rats. By using a restriction fragment length polymorphism, we carried out cosegregation analyses between the genotype of the SA gene and blood pressure in three F2 cohorts and observed significant effects of the SA gene on blood pressure in all of those cohorts. In the present study, we have isolated a human counterpart of the rat SA gene to investigate the possible association between the human SA gene and human essential hypertension. The deduced amino acid sequence from the isolated human SA cDNA consisted of 578 amino acid residues and had slight homology to a bacterial enzyme, acetyl-coenzyme A synthase. The human gene was mapped to the human chromosome 16 with the use of a rodent/human somatic hybrid cell panel. A restriction fragment length polymorphism was found with the restriction enzyme Pst I, and the allele frequencies were compared between hypertensive and control groups. The hypertensive group consisted of 89 individuals, and the Pst I rare allele (A2 allele) frequency in this group was 0.270. The control group consisted of 81 healthy normotensive individuals whose precise clinical data were available; the A2 allele frequency in this group was 0.09. Significant differences in the frequency of the A2 allele were observed between the hypertensive and control groups (P = .0001). The present findings provide favorable evidence that the SA gene is a candidate gene for human essential hypertension and also provide a starting point for future studies.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association