Transforming growth factor-beta 1 gene activation and growth of smooth muscle from hypertensive rats.
Cultured vascular smooth muscle cells derived from the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) are known to replicate more rapidly than cells from the normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rat. In this study we compared the responses of vascular smooth muscle cells from the two strains to transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) and evaluated its potential to account for the different growth properties of these cells in response to a number of vascular-derived growth factors. TGF-beta 1 potentiated the proliferative effects of epidermal growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor, or the different isoforms of platelet-derived growth factor on vascular smooth muscle cells from SHR but inhibited growth factor-stimulated proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells from WKY rats. These differential effects of TGF-beta 1 on proliferation could not be attributed to alterations in the expression of the type I, II, or III TGF-beta receptors but appeared more related to the ability of cells to autoinduce the TGF-beta 1 gene. TGF-beta 1 caused a time-dependent increase in its own mRNA levels in vascular smooth muscle cells of WKY rats but attenuated levels in vascular smooth muscle cells of SHR. This effect was specific to TGF-beta 1 autoinduction since similar elevations in TGF-beta 1 mRNA levels were observed when vascular smooth muscle cells from the two rat strains were exposed to phorbol myristate acetate, basic fibroblast growth factor, or platelet-derived growth factor-BB.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association