Blood pressure inversely correlates with thrombin-evoked calcium rise in platelets.
Earlier investigations showed a positive correlation between basal cytosolic free calcium in human platelets and blood pressure; however, recent studies have failed to show this relation. We undertook the present work to examine which platelet cytosolic calcium parameters (namely, cytosolic calcium in resting or stimulated states in calcium-containing and calcium-free media) present the least variability and best correlation with blood pressure. We studied 17 healthy white men on three different occasions separated by 1- and 4-week intervals. Their manual and ambulatory automated 24-hour blood pressure measurements were correlated with cytosolic calcium in resting and stimulated (thrombin-treated) fura 2-loaded platelets. The following cytosolic calcium parameters were measured in 1 mmol/L calcium and calcium-free media: basal cytosolic calcium, peak thrombin-evoked cytosolic calcium, and post-transient cytosolic calcium 5 minutes after thrombin treatment. The highest and lowest coefficients of variation were respectively shown by the basal cytosolic calcium (22.8%) and peak thrombin-evoked cytosolic calcium (10.1%) in calcium medium. Basal cytosolic calcium did not correlate with any of the blood pressure parameters. Of the cytosolic calcium parameters, peak thrombin-evoked cytosolic calcium in calcium medium demonstrated consistent (negative) correlations with blood pressure, with better correlations shown with diastolic than systolic blood pressure of both automated and manual blood pressure readings. Peak thrombin-evoked cytosolic calcium in calcium medium showed similar correlations with nighttime and daytime automated blood pressure measurements. There were no correlations between peak thrombin-evoked cytosolic calcium in calcium-free medium and blood pressure.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association