Calcium dependency of frequency-stimulated atrial natriuretic peptide secretion.
In this study we examined the mechanism whereby atrial natriuretic peptide secretion is increased when the frequency of contraction is raised from 2 to 5 Hz. We tested the hypothesis that calcium plays a significant role in the frequency-stimulated response. Using superfused rat left atria, we found that lowering the superfusate calcium concentration from 1.8 to 0.2 mmol/L abolished the frequency-stimulated atrial natriuretic peptide secretory response. Superfusion with ryanodine (1 mumol/L), an inhibitor of sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium release, resulted in a minimal inhibitory effect. Superfusion with 50 mumol/L nitrendipine or 10 mumol/L diltiazem inhibited the frequency-stimulated response by 46% to 48%. The lack of total inhibition suggested that an additional mechanism of calcium influx was involved, namely, inward calcium movement carried by Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange. As intracellular sodium has been reported to rise with an increase in beat frequency, a fall in the sodium gradient would favor inward calcium movement by Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange. Because we could not directly assess the role of Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange in this experimental paradigm, we examined the effect of lowering the transmembrane sodium gradient on atrial natriuretic peptide secretion by superfusion with the sodium channel activator veratridine or the sodium ionophore monensin. Superfusion with 1 mumol/L veratridine increased atrial natriuretic peptide secretion by 2.3-fold, and 1, 5, and 10 mumol/L monensin increased secretion by 1.1-, 2.1-, and 15.7-fold, respectively. In addition, we examined the possibility that the reported rise in intracellular sodium associated with increased beat frequency was due to enhanced Na(+)-H+ antiporter activity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association