Blockade of distal nephron sodium transport attenuates pressure natriuresis in dogs.
The sodium excretory responses (UNaV) to acute changes in renal arterial pressure (RAP) during blockade of distal nephron sodium transport were evaluated in seven sodium-replete anesthetized dogs. The major distal sodium entry pathways were blocked by intrarenal infusion of amiloride (AM, 10(-5) mol/L) and bendroflumethiazide (BZ, 10(-6) mol/L). Infusion of AM plus BZ caused slight increases in renal blood flow (RBF, 4.1 +/- 0.5 to 4.6 +/- 0.4 mL.min-1.g-1; P < .001) but no changes in glomerular filtration rate (GFR, 0.96 +/- 0.05 to 1.01 +/- 0.07 mL.min-1.g-1; P = NS) or autoregulatory efficiency of RBF and GFR. There were significant increases in UNaV (2.7 +/- 0.7 to 5.2 +/- 0.6 mumol.min-1.g-1) and fractional excretion of sodium (FENa, 1.8 +/- 0.4% to 3.5 +/- 0.3%) and decreases in potassium excretion (0.59 +/- 0.10 to 0.35 +/- 0.06 mumol.min-1.g-1) during AM plus BZ infusion. During the control period and during repeat measurements in time control studies, decreases in RAP (150 to 100 mm Hg) elicited the usual decreases in UNaV (slope, 0.022 +/- 0.007 mumol.min-1.g-1.mm Hg-1; P < .01). After administration of AM plus BZ, there was a marked attenuation of the pressure-natriuretic responses, and the slopes of the RAP versus UNaV and RAP versus FENa relations at RAP levels above 100 mm Hg were not significantly different from zero. However, the pressure-natriuresis response was maintained at arterial pressure between 75 and 100 mm Hg.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association