Anteroventral third ventricle lesions abolish lumbar sympathetic responses to insulin.
Insulin has been shown to increase sympathetic nerve activity. Because evidence shows that insulin acts within the central nervous system, we hypothesized that lesions of the anteroventral third ventricle region, an area rich in insulin receptors, would abolish sympathetic responses to hyperinsulinemia. We measured mean arterial pressure and lumbar sympathetic nerve activity in fasted, anesthetized sham-lesioned (n = 8) and lesioned (n = 8) rats before and after intravenous insulin infusion at 0.13 U/h during euglycemic clamp. Additional sham-lesioned (n = 10) and lesioned (n = 5) rats received vehicle infusion. Insulin-infused sham-lesioned rats had substantially greater increases in lumbar sympathetic nerve activity (+83 +/- 18%) than vehicle-infused sham-lesioned rats (+27 +/- 4%). Most importantly, insulin-infused lesioned rats had increases in sympathetic activity (+32 +/- 11%) that were no greater than lesioned rats receiving vehicle (+23 +/- 16%). Blood pressure was not altered by insulin or vehicle. To test the possibility that lesions of the anteroventral third ventricle region nonspecifically suppress sympathetic excitatory responses, we evaluated reflex increases in lumbar sympathetic activity to nitroglycerin in sham-lesioned (n = 5) and lesioned (n = 8) rats. Rats with lesions and sham lesions showed comparable increases in lumbar nerve activity during nitroglycerin-induced hypotension. In summary, increases in sympathetic nerve activity to intravenous insulin infusion are abolished by anteroventral third ventricle lesions. These data indicate that the integrity of this brain region is necessary for activation of lumbar sympathetic nerve activity by systemic administration of insulin.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association