Decreased sensitivity to renal interstitial hydrostatic pressure in Dahl salt-sensitive rats.
The ability of Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats to excrete a sodium load is significantly lower than Dahl salt-resistant (DR) rats. Because renal interstitial hydrostatic pressure (RIHP) is a major mediator of natriuresis in response to a sodium load, we proposed that the renal tubules of DS rats are less responsive to increases in RIHP than those of DR rats. To test this hypothesis, we determined the effect of direct increases in RIHP on renal excretory function in prehypertensive DS and DR rats. RIHP was directly increased by renal interstitial volume expansion via injection of 50 microL of a 2% albumin and saline solution into the renal interstitium through a chronically implanted renal interstitial catheter. RIHP, mean arterial pressure, glomerular filtration rate, urine flow rate, urinary sodium excretion, and fractional excretions of sodium, potassium, and lithium (an indicator of proximal tubule sodium handling) were measured before and after direct increases in RIHP in DS (n = 8) and DR (n = 8) rats. Baseline urine flow rate; urinary sodium excretion; fractional excretions of sodium, potassium, and lithium; RIHP; mean arterial pressure; and glomerular filtration rate were not different between DS and DR rats. Renal interstitial volume expansion in DS rats significantly increased RIHP (delta 4.7 +/- 0.8 mm Hg), urine flow rate (delta 14.5 +/- 3.4 microL/min), urinary sodium excretion (delta 2.62 +/- 0.62 mumol/min), and fractional excretions of sodium (delta 1.54 +/- 0.37%), potassium (delta 17.84 +/- 2.90%), and lithium (delta 19.68 +/- 3.52%).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association