Furosemide elicits nonuniform reflex responses via cardiac sympathetic afferents.
To examine whether furosemide elicits a cardiorenal reflex response via stimulation of cardiac afferents, furosemide was administered intrapericardially in sinoaortic denervated rats. The role of vagal afferents was evaluated by intrapericardial (IPC) administration of furosemide before and after bilateral vagotomy. The role of cardiac sympathetic afferents was examined by IPC administration of furosemide before and after IPC lidocaine blockade in rats with bilateral vagotomy. Low-dose furosemide (10 micrograms) elicited renal sympathoinhibition, whereas high-dose furosemide (1000 micrograms) produced a rapid and transient change in efferent renal sympathetic nerve activity of either inhibitory (19/49, or 39%) or excitatory (30/49, or 61%) nature. The responses were not affected by vagotomy but were abolished by IPC lidocaine blockade. In rats with a renal sympathoinhibitory response to IPC administration of 1000 micrograms furosemide, both the hypotensive and sympathoinhibitory responses were inhibited by indomethacin, whereas indomethacin did not affect reflex responses in rats showing a renal sympathoexcitatory response to IPC injection of 1000 micrograms furosemide. We conclude that furosemide elicits a nonuniform reflex response mediated via cardiac sympathetic afferents of which the renal sympathoinhibitory response is dependent on intact cyclooxygenase function.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association