Nitrosyl factors mediate active neurogenic hindquarter vasodilation in the conscious rat.
Exposure to noxious environmental stimuli such as air-jet stress (AJS) produces a pattern of hemodynamic changes referred to as the "defense reaction". In the rat these changes include a relatively modest increase in mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), tachycardia, renal and mesenteric vasoconstriction, and a marked hindquarter vasodilation. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the AJS-induced decrease in hindquarter resistance is mediated by a sympathetic neurogenic vasodilator system that uses nitric oxide (NO) and/or related nitrosyl factors. AJS produced a small, rapid increase in MAP, which quickly returned to baseline (within 5 seconds), and a substantial increase in hindquarter blood flow and decrease in hindquarter resistance, which occurred almost instantaneously (1 to 2 seconds) and were sustained for at least 30 seconds. The intravenous injection of either bretylium (5 mg/kg), which prevents impulse propagation-mediated release of neurotransmitters/neuromodulators from sympathetic terminals, or NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 25 mumol/kg), which blocks NO synthesis, essentially abolished the AJS-induced increase in hindquarter blood flow and fall in hindquarter resistance. In contrast, the hindquarter vasodilation produced by the NO donor sodium nitroprusside (4 micrograms/kg i.v.) was markedly exaggerated in the bretylium- or L-NAME-treated rats. We also found that rat lumbar sympathetic fibers projecting to the hindquarter vasculature contain NADPH diaphorase, a marker for NO synthase in paraformaldehyde-perfused tissue.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association