Increased activity of the Mg2+/Na+ exchanger in red blood cells from essential hypertensive patients.
Epidemiological, clinical, and experimental evidence suggests a relation between Mg2+ metabolism and essential hypertension. The aim of the present study was the detection of abnormalities of the erythrocyte Mg2+/Na+ exchanger in essential hypertensive patients. We studied 66 untreated essential hypertensive patients and 36 normotensive control subjects. Maximal efflux rates of total Mg2+ efflux and the Na(+)-dependent and Na(+)-independent components of Mg2+ efflux were determined in Mg(2+)-loaded red blood cells. Mg2+/Na+ exchanger was calculated as the Na(+)-dependent component of the Mg2+ efflux. Mean values of Mg2+/Na+ exchanger were clearly elevated in hypertensive subjects with respect to normotensive control subjects [184.7 +/- 15.7 versus 84.4 +/- 6 mumol(L.cell.h)-1; P < .001]. This elevation was due primarily to the increased total Mg2+ efflux [324.2 +/- 21.9 versus 257.9 +/- 17.3 mumol(L.cell.h)-1; P < .05], whereas the Na(+)-independent component was not significantly different between the groups [154.5 +/- 11.8 versus 173.4 +/- 15.5 mumol(L.cell.h)-1; P = NS]. Moreover, total erythrocyte Mg2+ content was slightly reduced in hypertensive patients with respect to normotensive control subjects (1.84 +/- 0.04 versus 2.07 +/- 0.04 mmol/L.cell; P < .001). Using the 99% confidence limits of the normotensive population as the normal range, 30 (45.5%) hypertensive subjects showed values of Mg2+/Na+ exchanger higher than 160 mumol(L.cell.h)-1. The Mg2+/Na+ exchanger was inversely correlated with basal intraerythrocyte Mg2+ content (r = -.323; P = .001). From a clinical point of view, we found a positive correlation between diastolic blood pressure values and Mg2+/Na+ exchanger (r = .246; P < .05) in the sample of essential hypertensive patients.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association