Blunted natriuretic response to a high-sodium meal in obese dogs. Role of renal nerves.
Although the relation between body weight and arterial pressure is well established, the mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of obesity-related hypertension are unclear. However, recent studies suggest that abnormalities in renal function may be involved. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that obese animals have a reduced ability to excrete a sodium load as a result of abnormal renal nerve function. To quantify the role of renal nerves, we examined changes in renal hemodynamics and sodium excretion in response to a high-sodium meal (200 mmol Na) in separate innervated and denervated kidneys simultaneously within the same conscious dog. Two surgically designed hemibladders with indwelling catheters were used to collect urine from innervated and denervated kidneys of the same dog. Body weight averaged 19.9 +/- 1.0 kg in the control lean dogs and 25.1 +/- 1.1 kg in the obese dogs. Arterial pressure averaged 101 +/- 4 mm Hg in the obese dogs and 90 +/- 4 mm Hg in the lean dogs. In response to the high-sodium meal in lean dogs, urinary sodium excretion increased from 20.8 +/- 4.2 to 189.7 +/- 21.2 mumol/min in the innervated kidneys and from 25.3 +/- 5.9 to 194.8 +/- 26.9 mumol/min in the denervated kidneys. In contrast, urinary sodium excretion in obese dogs increased from 9.6 +/- 1.4 to 129.9 +/- 34.3 mumol/min in the innervated kidneys and from 18.4 +/- 3.7 to 125.2 +/- 30.5 mumol/min in the denervated kidneys.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association