Microalbuminuria in 411 untreated individuals with established hypertension, white coat hypertension, and normotension.
We compared urinary albumin excretion in normotensive subjects and patients with white coat and established hypertension. The study involved prospective comparison of office blood pressure, daytime ambulatory blood pressure, and urinary albumin excretion in consecutive patients (n = 284) who were selected from general practice with newly diagnosed mild to moderate hypertension before the institution of pharmacologic antihypertensive therapy. All patients had a diastolic office blood pressure above 90 mm Hg; 173 had a consistently elevated diastolic blood pressure (established hypertension), and 111 had an average daytime ambulatory blood pressure below 90 mm Hg (white coat hypertension). A sample of 127 subjects drawn from the Danish national register served as a normotensive control group. The main outcome measure was the ratio of early morning urinary albumin to creatinine. This ratio differed significantly among the three groups, being (on a molar basis) 21 +/- 69 x 10(-6) in the normotensive subjects, 22 +/- 39 x 10(-6) in the white coat hypertensive patients, and 51 +/- 177 x 10(-6) in patients with established hypertension. The difference remained significant after correction for covariables. The ratio of early morning urinary albumin to creatinine was weakly but significantly correlated to blood pressure, was more pronounced for ambulatory than for office measurements, was more pronounced for systolic than for diastolic pressure, and was more pronounced for hypertensive than for normotensive individuals. The ratio was as reproducible a measure as 24-hour albumin excretion. We conclude that white coat hypertensive patients have less renal involvement than patients with established hypertension but more than a normotensive control group.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association