Vascular hypertrophy in renal hypertensive spontaneously hypertensive rats.
Vascular smooth muscle cells isolated from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) replicate faster in vitro than do cells from Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats, suggesting that the vascular hypertrophy seen early in the life of SHR might be at least partially caused by abnormal cellular growth properties in vivo. To test whether specific growth stimuli produce more extensive hypertrophy in SHR than WKY rats, we compared their cardiovascular growth responses to two-kidney, one clip renal hypertension. Six-week-old animals were subjected to either renal artery clipping or sham operation. Four weeks after renal artery clipping, there was a proportionately smaller rise in systolic blood pressure in SHR than WKY rats (21% and 44%, respectively); however, the overall level of systolic blood pressure achieved in the two rat strains differed by less than 10 mm Hg (4%). Limitations in the blood pressure responses of SHR to renal artery clipping were not due to inadequate development of left ventricular hypertrophy, as this was greater in SHR than WKY rats; however, aortic hypertrophy was similar in both strains. Aortic DNA content changes in SHR were consistent with a significant hyperplasia of medial smooth muscle cells, whereas in WKY rats, there was cellular hypertrophy. Small and medium-sized arteries of the mesenteric vasculature were also hypertrophied in SHR, and the medial cross-sectional area increased by 63% and 114%, respectively, compared with increases of only 15% and 23% in WKY rats. Strain differences between the sham-operated rat groups were small.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association