Interrelation between renin mRNA levels, renin secretion, and blood pressure in two-kidney, one clip rats.
To examine the interrelation between renin mRNA levels, renin secretion, and blood pressure in rats, we clipped the left renal arteries of rats and measured renin mRNA levels in both kidneys, plasma renin activity, and blood pressure. One and 2 days after clipping, renin mRNA levels increased 3-fold and 4.3-fold in the stenosed kidney and were suppressed to 52% and 26% of controls in the intact kidneys; plasma renin activity increased from 8 to 16.5 and to 30.5 ng angiotensin I.h-1.mL-1 and systolic blood pressure rose from 114 to 123 and to 137 mm Hg. We found a strong correlation (P < .001) between plasma renin activity and renin mRNA levels in the clipped kidneys. We also found significant correlations (P < .05) between mRNA levels in the clipped and intact kidneys and between plasma renin activity and blood pressure for the individual animals. Treatment of normal rats with the converting enzyme inhibitor ramipril (5 mg/kg twice a day) for 2 days increased renin mRNA levels in both kidneys fourfold. In animals with unilateral clips, additional treatment with ramipril increased renin mRNA levels 6.4-fold in the stenosed and 3.3-fold in the intact kidneys. These findings suggest that endogenous angiotensin II exerts an inhibitory effect on renin mRNA expression in normal kidneys, clipped kidneys, and their contralaterals. Suppression of the renin gene in contralateral kidneys seems not to be directly mediated by the rise of plasma renin activity or by the rise of blood pressure in two-kidney, one clip rats.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association