Ciprokiren (Ro 44-9375). A renin inhibitor with increasing effects on chronic treatment.
The present study characterizes the new transition-state renin inhibitor ciprokiren (Ro 44-9375) in squirrel monkeys. Arterial blood pressure was monitored by telemetry in freely moving, chronically instrumented conscious animals. In vitro at pH 7.4, ciprokiren inhibited human renin in buffer and human plasma with an IC50 of 0.07 and 0.65 nmol/L, respectively. It was equipotent against primate plasma renin and also inhibited plasma renin from dog and guinea pig in the nanomolar range (IC50, 29 and 65 nmol/L, respectively). After acute oral administration it reduced arterial blood pressure dose dependently in normotensive sodium-depleted and cyclosporin-induced hypertensive squirrel monkeys, starting with the minimal oral dose of 3 micrograms/kg. Daily oral doses of 1 microgram/kg showed a progressive blood pressure decrease, with a maximal response reached after 1 week. The drug could also be applied transdermally with similar hemodynamic effects without any decrease of plasma renin activity or plasma immunoreactive angiotensin II. Thus, ciprokiren is characterized in squirrel monkeys as a renin inhibitor with high in vivo potency that might act mainly in the tissular compartment.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association