Effect of a nonselective endothelin antagonist on vascular remodeling in deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt hypertensive rats. Evidence for a role of endothelin in vascular hypertrophy.
We have previously shown that the endothelin content in arteries of deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertensive rats is increased. We designed this study to examine, using the new orally active nonselective endothelin receptor antagonist bosentan, whether this increase in vascular endothelin may contribute to elevated blood pressure and vascular hypertrophy in DOCA-salt hypertensive rats. Rats received bosentan (100 mg/kg body wt per day) for 3 weeks mixed with their food. Systolic blood pressure of DOCA-salt hypertensive rats rose to 197 +/- 5 mm Hg, and that of bosentan-treated DOCA-salt hypertensive rats was 177 +/- 4 mm Hg (P < .01). Mesenteric resistance arteries were studied on a wire myograph. The media width, ratio of media width to lumen diameter, and cross-sectional area of the media of resistance arteries of bosentan-treated DOCA-salt hypertensive rats were significantly smaller than those of untreated DOCA-salt hypertensive rats. The lumen diameter and cross-sectional area of the media of vessels of bosentan-treated rats were not different from those of uninephrectomized control rats. Vasoconstrictor responses, which were altered in DOCA-salt hypertensive rats, approached control in the bosentan-treated rats. We conclude that these results with a nonselective endothelin receptor antagonist may suggest a role for endothelin in the elevation of blood pressure and vascular hypertrophy and remodeling in DOCA-salt hypertensive rats.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association