Augmented arterial pressure responses to cyclosporine in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Role of cytochrome P-450 3A.
Evidence to support a hypertensinogenic role of family 3A cytochrome P-450 (CYP3A) activity is that troleandomycin, a selective inhibitor of CYP3A, decreases both blood pressure and in vivo corticosterone 6 beta-hydroxylation in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Renal CYP3A activity is markedly increased in SHR compared with Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Cyclosporine acutely increases both systolic blood pressure and renal total cytochrome P-450 in SHR. We tested the hypothesis that the augmentation of blood pressure by cyclosporine is mediated by a further increase in renal CYP3A activity. Accordingly, we assessed the effect of troleandomycin administration on cyclosporine-induced systolic blood pressure increase and renal and hepatic microsomal CYP3A activity in SHR. Cyclosporine (5 mg/kg SC) given daily in 11-week-old SHR resulted in substantial augmentation of blood pressure after 6 days. This blood pressure increase was attenuated by troleandomycin (40 mg/kg) given either during or after development of hypertension. Cyclosporine increased renal (60%) but decreased hepatic (25%) microsomal CYP3A activity in SHR. In contrast, cyclosporine failed to produce any detectable increase in either blood pressure or renal CYP3A activity in WKY rats. Troleandomycin completely inhibited renal CYP3A activity measured after cyclosporine treatment of SHR, which correlated with its attenuation of the cyclosporine-induced blood pressure increase. These findings suggest that renal CYP3A could play an important role in acute cyclosporine-induced hypertension.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association