Impaired cardiovascular reflexes precede deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt hypertension.
We hypothesized that impaired cardiopulmonary reflexes but not altered baroreceptor reflexes precede deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertension. Uninephrectomized rats were given either DOCA and 0.9% NaCl as drinking water, 0.9% NaCl alone, or tap water. We measured mean blood pressure, heart rate, and renal sympathetic nerve activity. After 8 days, mean blood pressure was not different in DOCA-salt and control rats. Volume-sensitive cardiopulmonary reflexes were tested by intravenous volume loading with saline (10% body weight in 15 minutes), which decreased renal sympathetic nerve activity without changing mean blood pressure or heart rate. This response was blunted in DOCA-salt rats. Chemosensitive cardiopulmonary reflexes were tested by 15-minute infusions of the serotonin 5-HT3 agonist phenylbiguanide, which decreased renal sympathetic nerve activity without changing mean blood pressure or heart rate. Sustained decreases in renal sympathetic nerve activity occurred during phenylbiguanide infusion in controls but were blunted over time in DOCA-salt rats. The arterial baroreflex responses to graded infusions of methoxamine and nitroprusside were analyzed by sigmoidal curve fitting. There were no differences in gain of renal sympathetic nerve activity or heart rate between the groups. Thus, DOCA-salt rats exhibit impaired cardiopulmonary reflexes before the onset of hypertension; the volume-sensitive reflexes are more severely affected than chemosensitive reflexes. The arterial baroreceptor reflex is unaltered. The decreased sensitivity of cardiopulmonary reflexes may contribute to DOCA-salt hypertension.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association