Angiotensinogen gene in human hypertension. Lack of an association of the 235T allele among African Americans.
The frequency of the 235T and 174M alleles of the angiotensinogen gene, previously reported to be associated with hypertension in Caucasians and Japanese, was compared between 57 hypertensive African Americans and 130 normotensive African Americans sampled as part of a community survey of hypertension in the Chicago area. The frequency of the 235T allele was unrelated to hypertension status (cases, 83%, control subjects, 82%), as was true for the 174M allele. Compared with Caucasians, the frequency of the 235T allele was twice as high in this African American population, while the frequency of the 174M allele was similar. Even higher frequencies of the 235T allele (93%) were noted in a sample of 122 Nigerians. It appears that the 235T allele is very common in populations of West African origin, although we found no evidence that it confers risk of hypertension.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association