Hypertension, aging, and myocardial synthesis of heat-shock protein 72.
We determined the temperature-induced synthesis of the 72-kD heat-shock protein (hsp72) in hearts of normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) subjected to whole-body hyperthermia (42.0 +/- 0.5 degrees C for 15 minutes). The animals were studied at three different ages: young (2 months), adult (6 months), and old (18 months). The hsp72 was determined by Western blot analysis using a monoclonal antibody. The results were calculated densitometrically as a percentage of a commercial standard. Young SHR responded to hyperthermic stress with increased synthesis of hsp72 compared with age-matched normotensive rats (298.8 +/- 70.0% versus 88.3 +/- 25.5%). This trend was maintained in adult rats (118.1 +/- 31.0% versus 54.8 +/- 21.3%) but not in old rats (65.3 +/- 29.4% versus 43.6 +/- 15.1%). Aging caused a reduction of hsp72 expression in response to hyperthermic stress in both SHR (4.6-fold) and normotensive rats (twofold). These data show that hearts of young and adult SHR respond to heat shock with enhanced synthesis of hsp72. This abnormal response, attenuated by aging, is independent of the presence and degree of hypertension or hypertrophy and is potentially linked to the genetic determination of the disease.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association