Tyrosine kinase inhibition prevents deformation-stimulated vascular smooth muscle growth.
The goal of this study was to determine the role of tyrosine phosphorylation in transducing deformation-stimulated vascular smooth muscle growth. Rat aorta-derived vascular smooth muscle cells were cultured on flexible silicone elastomer membranes and subjected to cyclic deformation (15 cycles per minute, deformed 2 seconds, relaxed 2 seconds). Deformation significantly increased proto-oncogene expression, [3H]thymidine incorporation, [3H]leucine incorporation, and cell number. Time course studies showed an 8-hour lag between initiation of cell deformation and onset of [3H]thymidine incorporation, with peak levels achieved after 18 to 24 hours. Western analysis of protein blots from deformed cells (10 minutes) demonstrated increased levels of phosphotyrosine-containing proteins having molecular weights of 110 to 130 and 70 to 80 kD. Deformation-stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation was prevented by the tyrosine kinase inhibitor Herbimycin A. Tyrosine kinase inhibition also prevented deformation-stimulated vascular smooth muscle cell growth as measured by [3H]thymidine incorporation. Cyclic deformation stimulates vascular smooth muscle proliferation through activation of tyrosine kinases. Inhibition of tyrosine phosphorylation is an effective means of preventing deformation-induced vascular smooth muscle growth in vitro.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association