Effects of antihypertensive agents on baroreceptor function in early hypertensive rats.
To investigate the effects of antihypertensive treatment with four currently used agents (trichlormethiazide, atenolol, nicardipine, and enalapril) on the arterial baroreceptor function at the early phase of hypertension, we administered the agents to spontaneously hypertensive rats and Wistar-Kyoto rats from 8 to 10 weeks of age and examined the aortic nerve activity function. In untreated spontaneously hypertensive rats, the relation between the arterial pressure and aortic nerve activity was shifted to the right, that is, to a higher pressure level (threshold pressure, 90 +/- 3 versus 76 +/- 1 mm Hg, P < .05), and the maximum gain which was obtained by logistic function analysis was depressed (1.55 +/- 0.08% versus 2.18 +/- 0.13% maximum/mm Hg, P < .01) as compared with untreated Wistar-Kyoto rats. An equivalent decrease in arterial pressure with each of the four agents (-20 +/- 1 mm Hg, P < .01) produced a leftward shift of the arterial pressure-aortic nerve activity relation to a similar extent (threshold pressure, 77 +/- 1 mm Hg, P < .05) in spontaneously hypertensive rats. In addition, treatment with the four agents equally augmented the maximum gain in spontaneously hypertensive rats (2.13 +/- 0.09% maximum/mm Hg, P < .05). The antihypertensive agents affected neither the blood pressure nor the aortic nerve activity in Wistar-Kyoto rats. These findings suggest that antihypertensive treatment with the four classes of agents equally enhances the arterial baroreceptor function through blood pressure reduction but not through specific depressor mechanisms at the early stage of hypertension.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association