Effects of Insulin on Calcium Metabolism and Platelet Aggregation
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The influence of insulin on platelets in vitro has not been exhaustively investigated. To clarify whether insulin affects Ca2+ metabolism in platelets directly or through alteration of other systems regulating intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis, we examined the effect of insulin both alone and in combination with prostaglandin E1 on platelet aggregation and Ca2+ metabolism. Incubation of rat platelets with insulin reduced thrombin-induced Ca2+ influx but did not change thrombin-evoked release of Ca2+ from internal stores or the size of internal Ca2+ stores. The interactive effects of insulin with prostaglandin E1 were only additive, and insulin did not augment the effects of prostaglandin E1 on platelet Ca2+ metabolism. In contrast, insulin did not inhibit thrombin-induced platelet aggregation but did augment inhibition of platelet aggregation by prostaglandin E1. Our results suggest that insulin inhibits platelet function by both prostaglandin E1–dependent and -independent mechanisms.
- Received April 10, 1995.
- Revision received July 6, 1995.
- Accepted April 8, 1996.