Continuous monitoring of arterial pressure indicates sinoaortic denervated rats are not hypertensive.
The mean arterial pressure (MAP) of nine sinoaortic denervated (SAD) and eight control rats housed in standard-sized metabolic cages was determined continuously via aortic cannulae and computerized data collection over 24 hours. These continuous measurements were compared with direct, mean aortic pressure measurements and indirect, tail-cuff systolic pressure determinations made while these rats were resting in a Lucite restrainer. Denervated rats were studied 1 month after debuffering. Both types of measurements made during restraint indicated that the SAD rats were hypertensive; the MAP averaged 145 +/- 3.4 mm Hg (mean +/- SEM) in SAD rats compared with 119 +/- 2.8 mm Hg in the control group (p less than 0.001), and the tail-cuff pressure in SAD rats was 156 +/- 5.4 vs 121 +/- 2.7 mm Hg in control rats (p less than 0.001). In contrast, continuous monitoring showed that the SAD rats were normotensive; the MAP averaged 119 +/- 4.7 mm Hg in the SAD group and 119 +/- 3.1 mm Hg in the control group. Denervation increased pressure lability; the average 24-hour standard deviation of MAP was 19.0 +/- 1.2 mm Hg in SAD rats vs 8.0 +/- 0.7 mm Hg in control rats (p less than 0.001). Apparently, arterial pressure is elevated during restraint in SAD rats because buffering by the baroreceptor reflex is absent, and pressure measurements made under these conditions give a false indication of hypertension.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association