Does vasopressin contribute to salt-induced hypertension in the Dahl strain?
A humoral factor has been implicated in Dahl salt-sensitive genetically hypertensive rats. The goal of this study was to evaluate the pressor role of vasopressin (AVP) in Dahl rats. Salt-sensitive (S) and resistant (R) rats were fed either high (8%) or low (.04%) NaCl diets for 6 to 8 weeks. Blood pressure was elevated in S rats fed high salt diets (p less than 0.05). Plasma AVP increased with high salt diet in both groups (p less than 0.05), but was higher in S than R rats (2.0 +/- 0.3 and 1.3 +/- 0.2 microU/ml respectively, mean +/- SE, p less than 0.05). With low salt diet, plasma AVP did not differ significantly in S and R rats (1.0 +/- 0.2 and 0.7 +/- 0.2 microU/ml respectively). Pressor responses to intravenous injection of AVP were greater in S than R rats (p less than 0.05), but this difference was also observed with pressor responses to norepinephrine (S greater than R, p less than 0.05); there was no difference in pressor responses to AVP in S rats fed high vs low salt diet. Injection of 50 micrograms of d(CH2)5 VDAVP, which selectively inhibits vasoconstrictor effects of AVP, failed to lower blood pressure in S and R rats fed high or low salt diets despite the fact that this dose decreased pressor responses to 8 microU of AVP more than 90%. Although plasma AVP and vasopressor responses to AVP and NE are slightly elevated in S rats fed high salt, results with d(CH2)5 VDAVP suggest that vasoconstrictor effects of AVP do not play an important role in the maintenance of hypertension in Dahl S rats.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association