Properties of angiotensin-converting enzyme in intact cerebral microvessels.
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) was studied in preparations of microvessels isolated from rabbit cerebral cortex. Activity was determined by measuring the degradation of hippuryl-histidyl-leucine (Hip-His-Leu) by the intact microvessels in a physiological salt solution at pH 7.4. ACE activity was dependent on both substrate and chloride ion concentration and was inhibited by captopril in a manner similar to that observed previously with tissue homogenates. Angiotensin I was rapidly degraded by the intact microvessels, even in the presence of 10(-6)M captopril. An advantage of the methodology employed was the ability to pretreat the microvessels and then assess the effect of pretreatment by transfer to a postincubation assay system. Pretreatment with a hyperosmolar urea solution did not change ACE activity or cause release of ACE from the microvessels, although lactic dehydrogenase and lysosomal enzymes were released. Pretreatment with captopril caused a lag in the subsequent degradation of Hip-His-Leu, presumably reflecting dissociation of inhibitor from the cell-associated enzyme. ACE activity was unaffected by hypoxic or anoxic incubation conditions. The ability to measure ACE activity of the microvessels in vitro provides a unique opportunity to study the properties of the enzyme in intact cerebrovascular endothelial cells.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association