Response of aldosterone and 18-hydroxycorticosterone to angiotensin II in normal subjects and patients with essential hypertension, Conn's syndrome, and nontumorous hyperaldosteronism.
Dose-response curves relating plasma angiotensin II (AII) concentration during AII infusion to blood pressure (BP), to plasma aldosterone, and to plasma 18-hydroxycorticosterone were compared in normal subjects and in patients with essential hypertension, Conn's syndrome, and nontumorous hyperaldosteronism. The BP response was steeper than normal in patients with Conn's syndrome and essential hypertension. Before infusion, mean plasma aldosterone concentration was approximately four-fold higher in Conn's syndrome than in the normal group, while that of 18-hydroxycorticosterone was ninefold higher. Neither increased significantly during AII infusion. In essential hypertension, both corticosteroids were within the normal range, but their responses to AII infusion were greater than normal. In the three subjects with non-tumorous hyperaldosteronism, plasma aldosterone and 18-hydroxycorticosterone concentrations were raised, and their responses to AII infusion resembled those found in essential hypertension and were different from those found in Conn's syndrome. This suggests that nontumorous hyperaldosteronism is not a variant of Conn's syndrome. In the response to AII and in other ways, it is indistinguishable from essential hypertension.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association