Analysis of calcium handling in erythrocyte membranes of genetically hypertensive rats.
Calcium handling by erythrocyte membranes was compared in genetically hypertensive (SHR) and normotensive (WKR) rats by direct measurement of calcium binding, passive influx, and adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-dependent extrusion. The SHR erythrocyte membranes exhibited the following abnormalities: 1) the binding capacity of the high affinity Ca2+-binding sites located on the inner side of the membrane was 0.84 +/- 0.07 nmole/mg protein compared with 1.17 +/- 0.08 nmole/mg protein in WKR, 2) ATP-dependent Ca2+ extrusion, measured as the Ca2+ influx into inside-out vesicles, was also lower than the WKR, as was the La3+ -sensitive, Ca2+ -dependent hydrolysis, indicating reduced activity of the calcium pump; 3) the passive calcium influx into ATP-depleted red blood cells was slightly accelerated. these abnormalities in Ca2+ binding and transport probably enhanced intracellular Ca2+ concentration, and were observed under both prehypertensive an hypertensive conditions, in 3-week-old and adult SHR respectively. Similar membrane defects in excitable cells may help to explain the pathogenesis of hypertension, since they may increase vascular tone and/or catecholamine release.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association