Specific changes in hypothalamic alpha-adrenoceptors in young spontaneously hypertensive rats.
Changes in the activity of hypothalamic and brain-stem adrenergic neurons have been reported in young spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) prior to the development of hypertension. We have measured central alpha- and beta-adrenoceptor concentrations in 4-week-old SHR and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) controls by direct radioligand binding studies using [3H]prazosin (alpha 1), [3H]clonidine (alpha 2), and [125I]iodohydroxybenzlpindolol (beta). The concentration of alpha 2-adrenoceptors was significantly elevated in the hypothalamus of the SHR, 156.9 +/- 10.4 compared with WKY, 119.4 +/- 10.0 fmole/mg protein (n = 7, mean +/- SEM, p less than 0.0125). Alpha 2-adrenoceptor concentrations in both the brain stem and cerebral cortex were similar in the two groups of animals. The increase in hypothalamic adrenoceptors was specific for alpha 2-adrenoceptors, since similar concentrations of alpha 2- and beta-adrenoceptors were found in this region.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association