Prolonged exposure to ouabain eliminates the greater norepinephrine-dependent calcium sensitivity of resistance vessels in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
The effects of 30 minutes of exposure to ouabain on calcium sensitivity have been investigated in two types of resistance vessels from 12 pairs of spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Branches of the superior mesenteric and femoral arteries, with internal diameters of about 200 micrometer, were mounted as ring preparations in a myograph capable of measuring their isometric wall tension. Dose-response curves for calcium upon norepinephrine stimulation were determined under conditions where neuronal uptake was eliminated. Initially, when stimulated with norepinephrine, the SHR vessels from both locations were more sensitive to calcium and had stronger contractions than their controls. The addition of ouabain (1 mM) to the relaxed vessels immediately elicited a moderate, transient contraction in the branches of the femoral artery, whereas no response was observed in the mesenteric vessels. Although the addition of ouabain to activated vessels produced an immediate potentiation of the response, prolonged (30-minute) exposure to ouabain reduced active tension development upon norepinephrine stimulation in all vessels. The reduction was greatest in the SHR vessels, so that, under these conditions, the norepinephrine-activated calcium sensitivity of corresponding SHR and WKY vessels was similar. By contrast, responses to norepinephrine in high potassium solution were unaffected. The results suggest that under normal conditions, SHR vessels may have a specific increase in the permeability of the norepinephrine-activated calcium channels. Prolonged exposure to ouabain appears to reduce the permeability of these channels, providing an explanation for why this treatment eliminates the difference in calcium sensitivity of the SHR and WKY vessels.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association