Rat (Ile5) but not bovine (Val5) angiotensin raises plasma norepinephrine in rats.
A part of the vasoconstrictor activity of angiotensin II (AII) may result from its ability to enhance norepinephrine (NE) release from sympathetic noradrenergic nerve terminals. To investigate this proposed pressor mechanism of AII, the effects of intravenous (i.v.) infusion of AII on blood pressure and plasma catecholamines in pithed rats were determined. Two naturally occurring angiotensins, valine5 AII (bovine) and isoleucine5 AII (rat), were administered in equal (72 ng/min) doses. Valine5 AII caused an 80% increase in mean arterial pressure (MAP) from 54 +/- 4 to 97 +/- 19 mm Hg. Isoleucine5 AII caused an 82% increase in MAP from 49 +/- 5 to 89 +/- 18 mm Hg. Neither angiotensin caused a change in heart rate, suggesting that pithing completely destroyed the central baroreceptor reflex mechanism. Plasma catecholamines were differentially affected by the peptides:isoleucine5 AII significantly increased plasma NE concentration by 82% compared to saline-infused rats (p less than 0.01). Valine5 AII did not significantly affect plasma NE concentration. Plasma dopamine and epinephrine concentrations were not significantly altered by infusion of either analog. Despite the significant increases in plasma NE concentrations with isoleucine5 in AII-infusion rats, there was no correlation between plateau MAP or the percent increase in MAP and plasma NE concentrations of individual animals within this group. The ability of angiotensin to elevate MAP, increase NE release from sympathetic nerve terminals, as well as potential differences in the actions of angiotensins in different species, and angiotensin receptor heterogeneity, are discussed.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association