α-Adrenergic Signal Transduction in Renin Transgenic Rats
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Abstract The α1-adrenoceptor–G protein–phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PLC) signal transduction pathway is assumed to play an important role in the regulation of contractile force and in the pathophysiology of myocardial hypertrophy. In the present study, the components of this pathway were investigated in left ventricles of hearts from hypertensive transgenic rats overexpressing the mouse renin gene [TG(mREN2)27] in comparison to age- and weight-matched Sprague-Dawley control rats. Contractile force was assessed in isolated electrically driven left ventricular papillary muscle strips. α1-adrenoceptor density was measured by radioligand binding using [3H]prazosin, steady state levels of αq/11, and G protein β-subunits by Western blotting. PLC activity was determined by a cell-free assay using exogenous phospholipid vesicles containing [3H]phosphatidylinositol (4,5)-bisphosphate as a substrate. α1-Adrenoceptor density was significantly increased (by 80%) in transgenic rats compared with control rats, while the positive inotropic response to the α1-adrenoceptor agonist phenylephrine was significantly reduced, suggesting a postreceptor defect in TG(mREN2)27. The expression of αq and α11 was verified by reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction, and αq/11 steady state protein levels were shown to be similar in transgenic and control rats. Western blotting using a β-common antibody revealed two bands at approximately 35 and 36 kD. The quantities of both were similar in TG(mREN2)27 compared with those in control rats. In contrast, PLC activity was significantly reduced (by 32%) in transgenic rats. In conclusion, our findings are consistent with a desensitization of the α1-adrenergic signal transduction pathway at the level of the effector.
- Received December 24, 1996.
- Revision received January 15, 1997.
- Accepted May 2, 1997.