The Role of 20-Hete in Mediating the Effect of Diatary K Intake on the Apical K Channels in the Mtal.
We have used the patch clamp technique to study the effect of dietary-K intake on the apical K channels in the medullary thick ascending limb (mTAL) of rat kidneys. The channel activity, defined by NPo, of the 30 pS and 70 pS K channel was 0.18 and 0.11 in the mTAL from rats on a K-deficient diet, respectively. In contrast, NPo of the 30 pS and the 70 pS K channels increased to 0.60 and 0.80 in the tubules from animals on a high-K diet, respectively. We have also used GC/MC to measure the intracellular production of 20-hydroxyeicosanotetraenoic acid (20-HETE) in the mTAL. The concentration of 20-HETE was 0.8 pg/μg protein in the mTAL from rats on a high-K diet and increased significantly to 4.6 pg/μg protein in the tubules from rats on a K-deficient diet. Addition of N-methylsulfonyl-12,12-dibromododec-11-enamide (DDMS) or 17-octadecynoic acid (17ODYA), agents which inhibit the formation of 20-HETE, had no significant effect on the activity of the 30 pS K channels. However, DDMS/17ODYA significantly increased the activity of the apical 70 pS K channel from 0.11 to 0.91 in the mTAL from rats on a K-deficient diet. In contrast, inhibition of the cytochrome P450 metabolism of arachidonic acid (AA) increased NPo from 0.64 to 0.81 in the tubules from animals on a high-K diet. Furthermore, the concentration of 20-HETE required to block the channel activity by 50% was the same in the mTAL from rats on a high K diet as that on a K-deficient diet. This indicates that the diminished response of the 70 pS K channel to the inhibition of P450 metabolism of AA is not the result of decreasing 20-HETE sensitivity in the mTAL from rats on a high K diet. Finally, the pretreatment of the tubules with DDMS increased NPo of the 70 pS K channels in the mTAL from rats on a K-deficient diet to 0.76, a value which is not significantly different from the NPo in the tubules from rats on a high-K diet. We conclude that an increase in 20-HETE production is involved in reducing the activity of the apical 70 pS K channels in the mTAL from rats on a K-deficient diet.