Transcriptional Activation of the Bradykinin Type 2 Receptor by the Tumor Suppressor P53.
The bradykinin type 2 receptor (BK2) is a developmentally regulated G protein-coupled receptor that mediates diverse actions such as vascular reactivity, salt and water excretion, inflammatory responses and cell growth. However, little is known regarding regulation of the BK2 gene. We report here that the rat BK2 receptor is transcriptionally regulated by the tumor suppressor protein p53. The 5’-flanking region of the rat BK2 gene contains two p53-like binding sites: a sequence at -70 bp (P1 site) that is conserved in the murine and human BK2 genes; and a sequence at -707 (P2) that is not. The P1 and P2 motifs bind specifically to p53, as assessed by gel mobility shift assays. Transient transfection into HeLa cells of a CAT reporter construct driven by 1.2-kb of the BK2 gene 5’-flanking region demonstrated that the BK2 promoter is dose-dependently activated by co-expression of wild-type p53. Co-expression of a dominant negative mutant p53 suppresses the activation of BK2 by wild-type p53. Promoter truncation localized the p53-responsive element to the region between -38 and -94 bp encompassing the p53-binding P1 sequence. Site-directed mutagenesis of the P1 site abolishes p53-mediated activation of BK2. Furthermore, p53-mediated activation of the BK2 promoter is augmented by the transcriptional co-activators, CBP/p300. Interestingly, removal of the P2 site by truncation or site-directed deletion amplifies p53-mediated activation of the BK2 promoter. These results demonstrate that the rat BK2 promoter is a target for p53-mediated activation and suggest a new physiological role for p53 in the regulation of G protein-coupled receptor gene expression.