Abnormal sodium efflux in erythrocytes of patients with essential hypertension.
Erythrocyte sodium efflux as well as sodium, potassium, and water content were studied in 12 untreated men with uncomplicated essential hypertension and in 18 normotensive control subjects. In the patients with essential hypertension, the rate constant for total sodium efflux was significantly lower than in the normotensives (5.96.10(-3) +/- 0.45.10(-3) min-1 vs 6.69.10(-3) +/- 0.49.10(-3) min-1; p less than 0.005), which was due to a reduced ouabain-sensitive sodium efflux rate constant. Significant differences in total sodium efflux and ouabain-sensitive sodium efflux, however, could not be demonstrated, since intracellular sodium concentrations, although insignificant, were higher in the patients with essential hypertension (6.11 +/- 0.74 mmole/liter vs 5.97 +/- 0.66 mmole/liter. The rate constants for ouabain-insensitive sodium efflux, for ouabain-insensitive furosemide-sensitive sodium efflux, and for passive (ouabain-insensitive furosemide-insensitive) sodium efflux were similar in hypertensives and in normotensives. The cause of the reduced rate constant for ouabain-sensitive sodium efflux is not clear. However, as suggested for other types of altered erythrocyte transport mechanisms described recently, it might be determined genetically.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association