Acute hypertension in a nonhuman primate: humoral and hemodynamic mechanisms.
The present study assessed the contribution of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), dietary sodium, and cardiac output (CO) to the genesis of primate hypertensin in a one-kidney model which was developed to test species-specific renin inhibitors. Reduction of renal perfusion pressure increased mean arterial pressure (MAP) from 105 +/- 4 to 127 +/- 3 mm Hg (p less than 0.0005), associated with increased plasma renin activity (PRA) from 4.9 +/- 0.7 to 13.8 +/- 1.1 ng. ml-1.hr-1 (p less than 0.0005). Correlation of MAP with PRA yielded an r value of 0.662 (p less than 0.0005). Significant blood pressure elevation was obtained with both regular (R) and low sodium (LS) diet (p less than 0.0005), although the MAP change was greater with LS. With both R and LS diet, hypertension was associated with increased PRA (p less than 0.0005), and normotensive pressures were achieved with converting enzyme inhibitor (teprotide). The hemodynamic change with hypertension was an increase of systemic vascular resistance (SVR) from 0.89 +/- 0.12 to 1.17 +/- 0.09 units (p less than 0.05); cardiac output (CO) and central blood volume did not change significantly. Thus, acute hypertension, mediated by the RAS, was developed in a one-kidney primate model. The hemodynamic correlate of hypertension was increased SVR; CO and volume redistribution were not initiating factors.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association