Renal denervation at weaning retards development of hypertension in New Zealand genetically hypertensive rats.
The development of hypertension was studied in 3 to 13-week old New Zealand genetically hypertensive (NZGH) rats subjected to bilateral renal denervation (D) or sham operations (S) at 4 weeks of age. Denervation retarded the development of hypertension and delayed the establishment of stable hypertension; blood pressure of D-NZGH rats was 15-40 mm Hg lower than that of S-NZGH rats from 3 to 7 weeks after surgery, but was similar in the two groups thereafter. D-rat renal catecholamine content was reduced to 17% of control at 1 week after surgery; by the fourth week post surgery, renal catecholamine content had risen to 40% of control, and blood pressure of the D-group had begun to rise, suggesting that spontaneous renal reinnervation prevented the antihypertensive effect of renal denervation from being a permanent one. During the period when blood pressure of the S-rats was greater than that of the D-rats, urinary sodium excretion of the two groups was not significantly different, suggesting that over this interval the relationship between blood pressure and urinary sodium excretion shifted to the right along the pressure axis in the S-rats but not in the renal denervated rats. Throughout the 60-day period of observation, urinary excretion of prostaglandin E2 and kallikrein did not differ between the renal-denervated and sham-operated rats.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association