Decreased vascular responsiveness produced by angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in the rat isolated kidney.
The effects of three angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors - captopril, MK-421 diacid, and teprotide - on renal vascular responses to graded (50, 100, 200 ng) injections of norepinephrine (NE) were examined in rat isolated perfused kidneys, having a mean basal perfusion pressure of 78 +/- 10 mm Hg. The minimum dose of captopril (0.05 microgram/ml, low dose) that abolished the vasoconstrictor responses to 100 and 200 ng angiotensin I did not affect NE-induced renal vasoconstriction, whereas a dose 100 times greater (high-dose captopril, 5 micrograms/ml) reduced the vasoconstrictor action of NE. MK-421 diacid also at high dose (1 microgram/ml), caused similar reduction in renal vasoconstrictor responses to NE. In contrast, a high dose of teprotide (50 micrograms/ml) did not affect renal vascular responsiveness to NE. The threshold dose of NE that released prostaglandins, measured by bioassay, was 50 ng. Indomethacin (1 microgram/ml) prevented NE-induced release of prostaglandins but did not affect the ability of captopril to attenuate NE-induced vasoconstriction. We conclude that captopril and MK-421 diacid decreases vascular reactivity in the rat isolated kidney by a mechanism independent of ACE inhibition and unrelated to a prostaglandin-dependent vascular mechanism. Moreover, the presence of mercapto function in the ACE inhibitor is not essential since captopril, which has a sulfhydryl group, and MK-421 diacid, which lacks this group, have similar effects on renal vascular responsiveness.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association