Vascular changes in DOCA hypertension. Influence of a low protein diet.
The goal of this study was to characterize the influence of low protein diet on vascular changes induced by deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA) hypertension. DOCA hypertensive and control normotensive rats were placed on a low protein (5%) diet for 4 weeks. This intervention blocked the further increase in systolic blood pressure of rats treated with DOCA; systolic blood pressures of control rats were not influenced by the low protein diet. The sensitivity of isolated mesenteric arteries to norepinephrine was increased in DOCA hypertensive rats compared to that in arteries from control rats; arterial strips from rats maintained on the low protein diet were less sensitive to the catecholamine than arteries from their respective control diet group. Vascular sensitivity to calcium was identical in both normotensive and DOCA hypertensive rats, and the low protein diet had no effect on this measure of calcium activation. Calcium-induced relaxation was depressed in arteries from DOCA hypertensive rats, suggesting a decreased stabilizing influence of the cation on the excitable membrane. Arteries from rats maintained on the low protein diet showed enhanced relaxation to calcium compared to those from their respective control diet group. Membrane stores of calcium available for activation by norepinephrine were increased in arteries from DOCA hypertensive rats; the low protein diet decreased the storage capacity of these membrane sites. The total protein content of the aorta was increased in DOCA hypertensive rats and depressed to control level in DOCA rats maintained on low protein diet. No change was observed in actomyosin content nor in the actin-to-myosin ratio during the DOCA hypertension or the addition of a low protein diet. Since one action of DOCA is to increase cellular protein synthesis, the attenuation of these vascular changes in DOCA rats maintained on a protein-deficient diet is probably due to a decrease in available substrate.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association