Sustained blood pressure elevation to lower body compression in pigs and dogs.
Inflatable suits were constructed for lower body compression in pigs and dogs. The suit for pigs encompassed hindquarters and part of the abdomen, and the smaller suit for dogs compressed only the hindquarters, leaving free the abdominal cavity. In conscious, diazepam-pretreated pigs, the compression lasted 30 minutes; during that period the blood pressure increased 50/38 mm Hg over the baseline. In chloralose-anesthetized dogs, the compression was extended to 3 hours; the blood pressure increase was 44/53 mm Hg. Blood pressure fell to the baseline immediately after decompression in both animals. In both species the substantial blood pressure increase was due to an increase of vascular resistance; this did not induced the expected baroreceptor-mediated bradycardia. In dogs, the blood pressure increase was accompanied by a large increase of plasma norepinephrine (from 179 to 975 pg/ml). To test whether the increase of vascular resistance reflected the mechanical compression of the vessels under the suit, animals were pretreated with trimethaphan. In pigs the trimethaphan substantially decreased the vascular resistance and the blood pressure response. This indicated that a portion of the vasoconstriction occurred in areas outside the suit. Lower body compression is a new model to cause prolonged blood pressure elevation by noninvasive and nonpharmacologic means. The mechanism of the blood pressure elevation requires further investigation.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association