Cardiovascular response in black and white hypertensives.
Sixteen untreated black patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension and no evidence of target organ damage were matched for age, sex, casual blood pressure (BP), and socioeconomic status with 16 white hypertensives. All patients were studied under standardized conditions in the hospital where they underwent continuous intraarterial ambulatory monitoring of BP and assessment of BP control mechanisms. BP characteristics over prolonged periods of recording were similar for both groups, as were sinoaortic baroreflex activity and pressor response to isometric and dynamic exercise and to cold. Fasting cholesterol and triglyceride levels in both groups were similar. Resting plasma renin activity (PRA) was significantly lower in blacks, but no difference was observed in resting plasma norepinephrine levels. Urinary excretion of NA+ and K+ was also similar in both groups. Thus, results showed that casual BPs matched for black and whites, and recorded over a prolonged period, were similar in pattern, variability, and response to pressor stimuli. It appears that, if BP contributes to the different patterns of morbidity in blacks and whites, it is more likely to be the actual level of BP rather than differences in BP characteristics.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association