Multiple Quantitative Trait Loci for Blood Pressure Interacting Epistatically and Additively on Dahl Rat Chromosome 2
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Our previous work demonstrated 2 quantitative trait loci (QTLs), C2QTL1 and C2QTL2, for blood pressure (BP) located on chromosome (Chr) 2 of Dahl salt-sensitive (DSS) rats. However, for a lack of markers, the 2 congenic strains delineating C2QTL1 and C2QTL2 could not be separated. The position of the C2QTL1 was only inferred by comparing 2 congenic strains, one having and another lacking a BP effect. Furthermore, it was not known how adjacent QTLs would interact with one another on Chr 2. In the current investigation, first, a critical chromosome marker was developed to separate 2 C2QTLs. Second, a congenic substrain was created to cover a chromosome fragment thought to harbor C2QTL1. Finally, a series of congenic strains was produced to systematically and comprehensively cover the entire Chr 2 segment containing C2QTL2 and other regions previously untested. Consequently, a total of 3 QTLs were discovered, with C2QTL3 located between C2QTL1 and C2QTL2. C2QTL1, C2QTL2, and C2QTL3 reside in chromosome segments of 5.7 centiMorgan (cM), 3.5 cM, and 1.5 cM, respectively. C2QTL1 interacted epistatically with either C2QTL2 or C2QTL3, whereas C2QTL2 and C2QTL3 showed additive effects to each other. These results suggest that BP QTLs closely linked in a segment interact epistatically and additively to one another on Chr 2.
- Received November 20, 2004.
- Revision received December 27, 2004.
- Accepted January 26, 2005.