Effects of angiotensin II on the cardiac responses to sympathetic nerve stimulation in dogs.
In anesthetized dogs with the left cardiac sympathetic nerves and both vagal nerves intact, angiotensin II (AII) induced a substantial, dose-dependent increase in arterial blood pressure and small increments in cardiac cycle length and ventricular contractile force. In dogs in which the cardiac sympathetic and vagal nerves had been interrupted, AII produced similar increases in blood pressure and larger increases in contractile force, but it decreased the cardiac cycle length. In both groups of dogs, AII augmented substantially the positive inotropic responses to sympathetic nerve stimulation, but it enhanced the positive chronotropic responses only slightly. However, AII did not appreciably prolong the cardiac responses to sympathetic nerve stimulation, nor did it alter significantly the cardiac responses to norepinephrine infusions. Hence, at the dosage levels used, AII probably did not inhibit the neuronal uptake of norepinephrine appreciably nor did it enhance the responsiveness of the cardiac effector sites to norepinephrine. Therefore, the potentiation of the cardiac responses to sympathetic nerve stimulation by AII in these experiments was probably achieved principally by facilitating norepinephrine release from the adrenergic nerve terminals in the heart.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association