Norepinephrine-induced potentiation of arginine vasopressin reactivity in arterioles of the spontaneously hypertensive rat.
We have studied microvascular reactivity to vasopressin alone and in combination with norepinephrine in young (6- to 8-week-old) spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) controls. Closed-circuit TV microscopy was used to quantify the in vivo diameter responses of small arterioles (17 to 26 mu) to vasopressin (1.25 X 10(-8) to 3.75 X 10(-7) M) injected intraarterially alone and with simultaneous topical suffusion of a subthreshold concentration of norepinephrine in the cremaster muscle microcirculation. Percent decrease in luminal diameter was integrated over a 30-second period to obtain log concentration response curves. The vasoconstrictor response to vasopressin was concentration-dependent in both groups (p less than 0.001). A significant increase in reactivity to vasopressin alone was exhibited by the SHR arterioles compared to the WKY vessels (p less than 0.02). Maximum constriction was 55% higher in the SHR (p less than 0.04). The SHR also demonstrated a greater sensitivity to vasopressin (p less than 0.02). Vasopressin-induced vasoconstriction was potentiated by norepinephrine in the SHR, demonstrated by the significant shift of the curve up and to the left of the SHR response curve to vasopressin alone (p less than 0.01). The maximum response was 38% greater (p less than 0.02). Sensitivity was significantly enhanced (p less than 0.01). Additionally, the presence of norepinephrine stimulated a three-fold greater incidence of complete closure. In contrast to SHR results, topical suffusion of norepinephrine did not significantly alter the reactivity of the WKY arterioles to vasopressin-induced constriction. Our results support a role for vasopressin as a potential vasoconstrictor in the developing stage of SHR hypertension which may be modulated by norepinephrine and thus contribute to the elevated total peripheral resistance observed.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association