Central resetting of baroreflex in the spontaneously hypertensive rat.
The role of central nervous system in the resetting of baroreflex was investigated in 5-month-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) of Okamoto strain. Age-matched Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were used as normotensive controls. The aortic nerves, which in the rat, contain few or no chemoreceptor fibers, were stimulated electrically using a wide range of stimulus frequencies. The depressor responses (expressed as percent decrease in blood pressure as compared to its blood pressure value prior to aortic nerve stimulation) produced by these stimulations were significantly smaller in SHR than those in WKY. In another series of experiments, changes in the efferent limb of the baroreflex arc (i.e., greater splanchnic nerve activity) in response to stimulation of the baroreceptor afferents in the aortic nerve were recorded. Inhibition of the greater splanchnic nerve activity due to aortic nerve stimulation was found to be significantly smaller in SHR than in the WKY. Control sympathetic nerve activity was greater in SHR than in WKY. These results suggest that the central bulbospinal nervous system may be another site for resetting of baroreflex in hypertension.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association